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What is Saffron?

Do you ever heard the saffron word? do you think about it or ever searched about it? On this page, we are going to introduce saffron and explain different aspects of this fantastic spice. Here, we will talk about the saffron term and its history. Also, we review the saffron usage briefly and will show you what chemicals saffron has. Next, we will enter the business part of saffron and will discuss the saffron price. If you want to enter this exciting business, we will show you how to order bulk saffron and how to sell it. Finally, we will give you some tips to start saffron cultivation and create your saffron business, independently.

So, here you will start an exciting journey about red gold, Saffron.


saffron Etymology

If we look deeply at the English word “saffron” we will find the start of this story in visual aspects of its. As you know, these spice threads are all red strand that known as red gold. So, saffron could be introduced as “Gold Treads”. Am I right?

In ancient Persia language “Zar” and “Paran” means “Gold” and “Threads”, respectively. So, “Zar Paran” means “Gold Treads”. Although saffron strings are red, it makes a golden color in foods, drink, dessert or when it’s solved in water.

Also, This Persian name represent the deep and keen respect of Persian culture to saffron and shows that for Persian people saffron is dignified as much as gold.

In the Arabic language because of the lack of “P” letter and pronunciation, “P” was replaced by “F” and consequently “Zar Paran” changed to “Za faran”. After The Muslim conquest of Persia that also known as the Arab invasion of Iran in the seventh century AD, many Arabic terms interred to the Persian language. Even Arabic words with Persian origin, like “Za faran”. So, after the seventh and Eighth century AD even up to today Persian people called it “Za faran”, too.


“Za faran”is the origin of the Latin term for saffron. The Latin word “safranum” is taken from this Persian-Arabic term. After a while saffron was introduced to Europe, Especially France. In fact, France was the gate of saffron to Europe. The old French word “Safran” draw out from the Latin “safranum” in the 12-th century and it turned to “saffron” in the English language, finally. This is the story that we called “from Zar Paran to Saffron”. Long story, Right?

Moreover, to know the saffron word in other languages click here. We represent there the saffron name in all 109 languages of the world.


The exact time of finding magic spice as a spicy is not clear.  Anyway, based on many historical references the story started from the east, specially meddle east.

At that time Persian land was consist of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Tajikistan, west part of China, west part of Pakistan, west part of Kyrgyzstan, east part of Iraq, east part of Syria, east part of Turkey, east part of Georgia and today Persia lands.

So, it’s probable that you heard any of these countries as the origin of saffron. Also, a few historical texts mention these countries as the first saffron lands. Now, you know the reason.

saffron benefits

saffron usage

From ancient times, this plant has been used in drinks, foods, and mostly as a cure. In ancient Persian saffron was used as a relaxing and Soothing matter. The great Avicenna mentioned saffron as a medicine in his famous five-volume book: The Canon of Medicine.

Today, this is using internationally by professional and amateur chefs. It’s using for fragrant foods, desserts, and drinks. Also, many physicians especially traditional ones, prescribe saffron for the treatment of their patients.


There are many unique Compounds in this spice like Crocin, Safranal, Picrocrocin, Crocetin, Zeaxanthin, Kaempferol, Gentiobiose, and heta-Isophorone. Each compound has its role to create color, taste, or aroma, but the most important ones are Crocin, Safranal, and Picrocrocin.

Here, is the nutrition fact of saffron. 100 grams of all red saffron is consist of:

(Source: USDA National Nutrient database)
PrincipleNutrient ValuePercentage of RDA
Energy310 Kcal15.5%
Carbohydrates65.37 g50%
Protein11.43 g21%
Total Fat5.85 g29%
Cholesterol0 mg0%
Dietary Fiber3.9 g10%
Folates93 µg23%
Niacin1.46 mg9%
Pyridoxine1.010 mg77%
Riboflavin0.267 mg20%
Vitamin A530 IU18%
Vitamin C80.8 mg135%
Sodium148 mg10%
Potassium1724 mg37%
Calcium111 mg11%
Copper0.328 mg37%
Iron11.10 mg139%
Magnesium264 mg66%
Manganese28.408 mg1235%
Phosphorus252 mg36%
Selenium5.6 µg10%
Zinc1.09 mg10%

How to Start Saffron business

Saffron price is the most searched saffron-related phrase on the Internet. It’s not surprising. When you decide to buy a product, price is the first thing that comes to your mind. for saffron, here are some important items that you should keep in mind when you are comparing the prices in different online or offline shops.

Order amount, type, quality, delivery situation, saffron origin, and payment method are items that should be noticed.

For more details about saffron price click here or here.

In few easy steps, you could start and grow a saffron business. Like other markets, the first and most important step to create a fruitful saffron business is “finding potential customers”. Restaurants, Chefs, coffee shops, retailers, etc, are potential saffron consumers. Next, find a wholesaler (like us) by searching on the internet. finally, order bulk saffron and pack it based on your customer’s requested amount.

in brief, buy bulk saffron and sell in retail.

The amount of bulk orders depends on the average amount that your customers need. For example, if the average amount that your customer orders are 10 grams, we suggest ordering 100 grams for the first bulk order. In this case, you will pay 300 Euros and will earn 1000 Euros (10Euro per gram), at least. Of course, it could be more and depends on the local price of saffron in your region. Moreover, we will support you with a “Money back guarantee” service. So, if you would not sell the saffron, you could return it and we will refund your payment. So, don’t waste the time and start your saffron business.

Cultivation Flower

As you probably know, red threads of saffron come out from a purple flower known as “Crocus Sativus” or “Saffron Sativus”. Also, because of its harvest time in autumn, this plant is also known as “autumn crocus”.

Saffron farmers plant crocus Sativus bulbs in Aguest to October and saffron flower will bloom in November.

In the first year there would not be many flowers and in the second year the harvest would be better and so on.

saffron farm

Saffron flowers will grow from Crocus Sativus bulbs 4 to 7 years and you don’t need to plant bulbs every year. Please note that to cultivate saffron here are some imp[ortant items. The first and most important item is the weather.

Crocus Sativus is an tropical plant and will grow perfectly in regions that have mild climate. Warm and sunny summers and mild winters will help the process, too.

The second issue is the soil. The best type of soil for Crocus Sativus growth is sandy-clay soil that has a small amount of lime. Soil pH should be between 7-8. Moreover, farmers use natural fertilizers to improve the quality and quantity of harvest.  Please note that bulbs should be planted on a farm that does not cultivate saffron in it in the last 2-3 years.

saffron price per kg

For more information about saffron, cultivation clicks here. We explained All details of saffron flower cultivation there.


Saffron is known as red gold. The “red” word is because of the color of saffron threads. But the “gold” term indicates two sides. The first side shows that the value of saffron is near to gold and also it is weighted by “Once” or “Gram” like gold. On the other hand, When you using saffron in cooking, it makes your meal yellowish or golden, not red. Of course, the meal color depends on the quality. Using fake saffron make the cooked dish just yellow, Not golden Yellow. Probably, you saw red-white saffron threads on the internet. This type is called “Bounch” and is mostly used and trade-in saffron origin countries.

But international saffron sellers remove the white part and offer it as “Sargol”, “Negin” or “Super Negin”. These three types known as “All Red” saffron.

To see the saffron price, click here.

Properties of spice for health

1. Strengthen the immune system

Strengthening the immune system is one of the properties of saffron. However, most people only know this spice as a food flavoring. This plant also has various nutrients such as vitamin C. Vitamin C or ascorbic acid plays an important role in human health, as it causes the production of white blood cells by the immune system, which is the body’s first line of defense against disease. Vitamin C also helps heal wounds, muscle growth, repair blood vessels and tissue products by producing collagen, which is essential for the body’s cellular functions.

2. Increased blood flow

Saffron is an energy booster and increases blood flow by increasing the body’s metabolism. This spice is one of the rich sources of iron. The high concentration of iron in this plant increases red blood cells; As a result, it stimulates blood circulation and increases the supply of oxygen to the tissues and organs of the body. This improves the function of tissues and organs to keep the body healthy and prevent anemia.

3. Maintain heart health

Today, maintaining heart health is one of the primary and important goals of human beings, and one of the easiest ways to do this is to increase our potassium intake. Potassium dilates blood vessels and is effective in reducing stress and pressure on blood vessels. This amazing plant lowers blood pressure, putting less pressure on the cardiovascular system. Finally, it is effective in preventing heart attack, stroke, and atherosclerosis.

4. Diabetes control

One of the compounds in this spice is manganese. A certain amount of manganese can help regulate the body’s blood sugar level. Today, diabetes is one of the most dangerous and common diseases that millions of people suffer from. By regulating blood sugar, insulin, and glucose levels, you can effectively prevent type 2 diabetes.

5. Reduce anxiety

This spice is effective in relieving depression and if a person uses it regularly, he will feel better. Many of its compounds can stimulate the release of a variety of hormones related to happiness and health. It works similarly to Aphrodisiac for women. Numerous studies show that this spice is one of the herbal antidepressants.

6. Improve bone strength

Some of the mineral and organic compounds in this plant absorb the nutrients the body needs, such as calcium. By increasing calcium absorption through the food we eat, we have a better chance of increasing bone mineral density and preventing diseases such as osteoporosis and other dangerous age-related diseases.

7. Improves nerve function

The family of vitamin B is very important for human health and plays a very important role in the functioning of the body’s nervous system. In particular, the high concentration of vitamin B6 in this spice can contribute to the excellent functioning of the nervous system and prevent some deadly and dangerous disorders that are due to poor functioning of the nervous system.

8. Antidepressant properties

The ability to relieve pain has always been important in herbal or natural therapies. The safranal in it is used as a sedative for many patients. Its sedative effect can help relieve pain, reduce anxiety and stress, improve sleep patterns and generally relax the mind and body.

9. Cancer prevention

Cancer prevention is another amazing property of this spice. There are more than a hundred different compounds in it and antioxidants are one of them. The antioxidants in this plant kill many diseases and neutralize free radicals. Dangerous byproducts of cell fuel cause mutations or the death of healthy cells. This spice strengthens the general health of the immune system and in particular prevents the growth and spread of cancer in the body.

10. Reduce stomach disorders

One of the oldest and most well-known uses and properties of saffron is related to reducing bloating and stomach problems. Its natural sedative and anti-inflammatory properties soothe the stomach and reduce inflammation, which is easily effective in treating constipation and stomach ulcers. It also eliminates diseases such as bloating and cramps.

11. Treatment of inflammation

One of the common methods for massage is the use of saffron oil and cream, which is obtained from its flower compounds and can reduce pain and discomfort in the body. For people suffering from sports injuries, osteoarthritis, gout, and other inflammatory diseases, the use of this herbal remedy is extremely good. Also, the activity of antioxidant compounds accelerates the healing process of bruises and wounds.

12) Prevent presbyopia and improve vision with saffron

According to research, people who regularly eat saffron have eye protection that prevents the damaging effects of direct sunlight. It also helps to cure eye diseases due to its minerals and vitamin A. In addition, patients with macular degeneration are able to gain this vision by consuming this and enjoy the blessings of seeing it.

Other properties of saffron that you should know

Considering the mentioned properties, please do not miss the following list:

It has also been shown to be effective in treating high blood pressure and blood sugar.

Also, women who suffer from menstrual irregularities or have painful menstruations can recover by consuming this spice in time.

 Diabetes can be controlled and prevented by consuming this plant.

 Gout can be treated with this flower.

 Saffron helps to improve men’s sex life.

 People who suffer from cold stomachs and abdominal pain can get rid of this complication by consuming saffron.

 The body needs to adjust by consuming a lot of cold food, which saffron does well.

 Cold may manifest itself with urticaria, which it helps to cure.

 Sleep disorders, urinary disorders, and memory disorders can be eliminated with the help of this colorful and fragrant plant.

 This plant with its warm and dry nature is the best detoxifier.

 There is a simple treatment for MS and that is saffron treatment.

 Saffron can be used to treat infertility.

  Helps improve metabolism and leads to increased metabolism and weight loss.

How to use saffron and its limitations

In addition to all the benefits we have of this flower, know a little about its consumption limit so that you are not surprised by its excessive consumption.

Saffron consumption should not be exaggerated because it leads to poisoning and even death.

Excessive consumption can increase body heat and involve some of the body’s endocrine glands, such as the liver.

It is recommended for pregnant women with special conditions.

Consumption of this plant can cause miscarriage in the early months of pregnancy.

Interesting points about saffron

Ninety-five percent of the world’s “red gold” saffron is produced and exported in Iran. Saffron with incredible properties is traditionally grown in Khorasan province, a region in northeastern Iran with ideal subtropical climates with mild winters and hot and dry summers. Saffron is a valuable spice in the Zagros Mountains. Saffron with the scientific name of Crocus Sativus belongs to the Iridaceae family.

The best time to plant saffron is in May and June, and the warmer the weather and the longer the planting time, the saffron bulbs will be damaged. Irrigation is needed for saffron at the beginning of cultivation and after this only during harvest and a few days before harvest, the need for water is seen in saffron cultivation fields. Saffron plant needs less irrigation and care than other plants. corm does not need to be replanted when it is planted until 7 years later.

The time of harvesting is in October and mid-November. Of course, the harvest may continue until the end of November. Certainly, the time of planting and harvesting saffron and the method of cleaning saffron has a great impact on the price and quality of the product. Saffron, which is dried and cleaned quickly after harvest, is more suitable for export.

Universal spice

this is one of the spices that has been known since ancient times for its color, taste, and medicinal properties. This exotic spice is also cultivated in southern Europe and is now practiced in many countries around the world, especially in Spain, Italy, France, Greece, Turkey, Iran, and India, and Kashmir.

75,000 saffron blossoms are needed to produce one kilogram of spice. Saffron is usually harvested by hand. Due to the difficulty of harvesting saffron, it is one of the most expensive plants in the world.

Disadvantages of excessive consumption of saffron

Consumption of saffron in high doses can have potential risks because the high accumulation of highly active elements in saffron can have a range of different effects on the body. However, at lower doses (for example, in meals or in the form of supplements), no specific side effects or allergic properties have been observed. Some of the reported side effects include dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, anxiety, tiredness, and changes in appetite and taste, but these symptoms are very rare. As always, consult a qualified physician or botanist before adding a new and serious factor to your plant-based diet.

As mentioned, excessive consumption of saffron is harmful and reduces blood pressure and excessive blood thinning, vomiting, decreased heart rate, nosebleeds, bleeding eyelids and lips and causes dizziness, lethargy, Jaundice, and other dangerous complications that can even lead to death.

Effects of high consumption

Excessive consumption of saffron may have side effects such as nosebleeds or uterine bleeding. It is mentioned in ancient books that three dermis or about 10 grams of saffron is deadly because it causes a lot of vitality.

But this is not true and original because, with this amount of saffron, this effect does not cause death. The remedy and repellent of this spice in this matter are the astringent objects of the soul.

Properties of saffron oil

Saffron oil is a laxative for the nerves and a laxative for the firmness of the uterus and a hypnotic and decomposer. Rubbing saffron oil on the nose and dripping it on the nose is effective in improving the nature of the pleura. And its gold or masking it on the skin is useful for cleansing dirty wounds and covering it with wax and bone marrow for uterine wounds.

How to prepare oil

this oil is one of the very old medicines. Saffron oil, which is obtained from saffron flowers, is difficult to prepare and expensive.

To prepare the oil, you should mix about five ounces of it with 1,500 grams of sesame oil or olive oil and wait for fifty days, during which time it is stirred every day, then strained and used.

Each ounce of saffron is a few grams

Mesqal is a unit of crime and one of the common units in Islamic countries. There are different types of weights, the most important of which are religious weights, simple weights, and ordinary weights. In the science of Islamic jurisprudence, each religious shekel is equal to (18 chickpeas) 3,456 grams and each syllable weight is four-thirds of the religious shekel (24 chickpeas) and is equal to 4,608 grams. Saffron, which is known as the most valuable seasoning and spice in the world, is usually measured in grams and weights. At present, each ounce is equal to 4,608 grams. Compared to kilograms, each kilogram equals 217 shekels.

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