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What is Saffron?

Do you ever heard the saffron word? do you think about it or ever searched about it? In this page we are going to introduce saffron and explain different aspects of this fantastic spice. Here, we will talk about the saffron term and history. Also, we review the saffron usage briefly and will show you what chemicals saffron have. Next, we will inter the business part of saffron and will discuss about the saffron price. If you want to inter this exciting business, we will show you how to order bulk saffron and how to sell it. Finally, we will give you some tips to start saffron cultivation and create your saffron business, independently.

So, here you will start an exciting journey about red gold, Saffron.


saffron Etymology

If we look deeply on English word “saffron” we will find the start of this story in visual aspects of saffron. As you know, saffron threads are all red strand that known as red gold. So, saffron could be introduced as “Gold Treads”. Am I right?

In ancient Persia language “Zar” and “Paran” means “Gold” and “Threads”, respectively. So, “Zar Paran” means “Gold Treads”. Although, saffron strings are red, it makes a golden color in foods, drink, dessert or when its solved in water.

Also, This Persian name represent the deep and keen respect of Persian culture to saffron and shows that for Persian people saffron is dignified as much as gold.

In Arabic language because of lack of “P” letter and pronunciation, “P” replaced by “F” and consequently “Zar Paran” chenged to “Za faran”. After The Muslim conquest of Persia that also known as the Arab invasion of Iran in seventh century AD many Arabic terms interred to Persian language. Even Arabic words with Persian origin, like “Za faran”. So, after seventh and Eighth century AD even up to today Persian people called it “Za faran”, too.


“Za faran”is the origin of Latin term for saffron. The Latin word “safranum” is taken from this Persian-Arabic term. After a while saffron introduced to Europe, Especially France. In fact, France was the gate of saffron to Europe. The old french word “safran” draw out from the Latin “safranum” in 12-th century and it turned to “saffron” in English language, finally. This is the story that we called “from Zar Paran to Saffron”. Long story, Right?

Moreover, to know the saffron word in other languages click here. We represent there the saffron name in all 109 languages of world.


The exact time of finding saffron as a spicy is not clear.  Anyway, based on many historical references the story started from east, specially meddle east.

At that time Persian land was consist of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Tajikistan, west part of China, west part of Pakistan, west part of Kyrgyzstan, east part of Iraq, east part of Syria, east part of Turkey, east part of Georgia and today Persia lands.

So, its probable that you heard any of these countries as the origin pf saffron. Also a few historical texts mention these countries as the first saffron lands. Now, you know the reason.

saffron benefits

saffron usage

From the ancient time saffron have been used in drinks, foods and mostly as cure. In ancient Persian saffron was used as a relaxing and Soothing matter. The great Avicenna mentioned saffron as a medicine in his famous five volume book : The Canon of Medicine.

Today, saffron is using internationally by professional and amateur chefs. Its using to fragrant foods, desserts and drinks. Also, many physicians specially traditional ones, prescribe saffron for treatment of their patients.


There is many unique Compunds in saffron like Crocin, Safranal, Picrocrocin, Crocetin, Zeaxanthin, Kaempferol, Gentiobiose, and heta-Isophorone. Each compound have its role to create saffron color, taste or aroma, but most important ones are Crocin, Safranal, and Picrocrocin.

Here, is the nutrition fact of saffron. 100 grams of all red saffron is consist of:

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
PrincipleNutrient ValuePercentage of RDA
Energy310 Kcal15.5%
Carbohydrates65.37 g50%
Protein11.43 g21%
Total Fat5.85 g29%
Cholesterol0 mg0%
Dietary Fiber3.9 g10%
Folates93 µg23%
Niacin1.46 mg9%
Pyridoxine1.010 mg77%
Riboflavin0.267 mg20%
Vitamin A530 IU18%
Vitamin C80.8 mg135%
Sodium148 mg10%
Potassium1724 mg37%
Calcium111 mg11%
Copper0.328 mg37%
Iron11.10 mg139%
Magnesium264 mg66%
Manganese28.408 mg1235%
Phosphorus252 mg36%
Selenium5.6 µg10%
Zinc1.09 mg10%

How to Start Saffron business

Saffron price is most searched saffron related phrase in Internet. Its not surprising. When you decide to buy a product, price is the first thing that comes to your mind. for saffron, here is some important items that you should keep in mind when you are comparing the prices in different online or off line shops.

Order amount, type, quality, delivery situation, saffron origin, and payment method are items that should be noticed.

For more details about saffron price click here or here.

In few easy steps, you could start and grow a saffron business. Like other markets, first and most important step to create a fruitful saffron business is “finding potential costumers”. Restaurants, Chefs, coffee shops, retailers, etc, are potential saffron consumers. Next, find a wholesaler (like us) by searching in internet. finally, order bulk saffron and pack it based on your costumer requested amount.

in brief, buy bulk saffron and sell in retail.

The amount of bulk order depends on the average amount that your costumers need. For example, if the average amount that your costumers orders is 10 grams, we suggest to order 100 grams for first bulk order. In this case, you will pay 300 Euros and will earn 1000 Euros (10Euro per gram), at least. Of course, it could be more and depends on local price of saffron in your region. Moreover, we will support you by “Money back guarantee” service. So, if you would not sell the saffron, you could return it and we will refund your payment. So, dont waste the time and start your saffron business.

Cultivation Saffron Flower

As you probably know, red treads of saffron comes out from a purple flower known as “Crocus Sativus” or “Saffron Sativus”. Also, because of its harvest time in autumn, this plant also known as “autumn crocus”.

Saffron farmers plant crocus Sativus bulbs in Aguest to October and saffron flower will bloom in November.

In first year there would not be many flowers and second year the harvest would be better and so on.

saffron farm

Saffron flowers will grow from crocus sativus bulbs 4 to 7 years and you don’t need to plant bulbs every year. Please note that to cultivate safron here is some imp[ortant items. First and most important item is the weather.

Crocus Sativus is an tropical plant and will grow perfectly in regions that have mild climate. Warm and sunny summers and mild winters will help the process, too.

Second issue is the soil. The best type of soil for crocus sativus growth is sandy-clay soil that has a small amount of lime. Soil pH should be between 7-8. Moreover, farmers use natural fertilizers to improve the quality and quantity of harvest.  Please note that bulbs should be planted in a farm that does not cultivated saffron on it in last 2-3 years.

saffron price per kg

For more information about saffron cultivation click here. We explained All details of saffron flower cultivation there.

Saffron Color

Saffron known as red gold. The “red” word is because of the color of saffron threads. But the “gold” term indicate two sides. First side shows that the value of saffron is near to gold and also it is weighted by “Once” or “Gram” like gold. On the other hand, When you using saffron in cooking, it make your meal yellowish or golden, not red. Of course, the meal color depends on the quality. Using fake saffron make the cooked dish just yellow, Not golden Yellow. Probably, you saw red-white saffron threads on internet. This type called “bounch” and mostly used and trade in saffron origin countries.

But international saffron sellers remove the white part and offer it as “Sargol”, “Negin” or “Super Negin”. These three types known as “All Red” saffron.

To see saffron prices, click here.

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